EU documents

  1. Directive 2013/32/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on common procedures for granting and withdrawing international protection (recast), OJ L 180/60, 29 June 2013.
  2. Directive 2013/33/EU of 26 June 2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down standards for the reception of applicants for international protection (recast), OJ L 180/96, 29 June 2013.
  3. Regulation (EU) No 604/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 establishing the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an application for international protection lodged in one of the Member States by a third-country national or a stateless person, OJ L 180, 29 June 2013 (Dublin III), Article 17.

UNHCR Documents

  1. UNHCR, Executive Committee, Conclusion on Children at Risk’, No. 107 (LVIII), 5 October 2007.
  2. UNHCR & UNICEF, Safe & Sound: What States can do to ensure respect for the best interests of unaccompanied and separated children in Europe, October 2014.


  1. K v. Austria, C-245/11, Court of Justice of the European Union, 6 November 2012.



  1. R. Bruin, M. Reneman & E. Bloemen (eds), ‘Care-full: Medico-legal reports and the Istanbul Protocol in Asylum Procedures’, 2006.
  2.  L. Feijen, ‘The Challenges of Ensuring Protection to Unaccompanied and Separated Children in Composite Flows in Europe’, Refugee Survey Quarterly, vol. 27 (2008), pp. 63–73.


  1. Care-Full Initiative, ‘Principles and Recommendation by 35 Organisations Regarding Survivors of Torture and Ill-Treatment and Asylum Procedures’, 2006.
  2. M. E. Kalverboer, A. E. Zijlstra and E. J. Knorth, ‘The developmental consequences for asylum-seeking children living with the prospect for five years or more of enforced return to their home country’, European Journal of Migration and Law, vol. 11, no. 1 (2009), pp. 41–67.
  3. Drammeh, L. (October 2010). Life Projects for unaccompanied migrant minors – Recommendation (2007) 9 and explanatory memorandum. Council of Europe.
  4. Refugee Women’s Resource Project and European Women’s Lobby, ‘Asylum is not gender neutral: a practical advocacy guide for protecting women seeking asylum’, 2007.
  5. STEPS, Study for the European Parliament, The Conditions in Centres for Third Country Nationals (detention camps, open centres as well as transit centres and transit zones) with a Particular Focus on Provisions and Facilities for Persons with Special Needs in the 25 EU Member States, IP/C/LIBE/IC/2006-181, December 2007.